1. How to understand new future materials
world Health Organization's definition of health is mainly divided into physiological health and social health.
The definition of health by the World Health Organization is: health is a state of being physically and mentally saturated and having excellent adaptability, rather than simply being free from illness and weakness.
New furniture material is defined as structural materials with excellent properties and functional materials with unique properties that are recently discovered or being developed. Traditional materials include acrylic, wood-plastic composite board and a variety of fiberboards, and so on.
2. Development status of traditional materials and new furniture materials
Traditional furniture materials usually include wood-based panels, metal, plastic, stone, leather, cloth, and wood. Of course, wood is still the primary material in the furniture market.
However, due to protecting the ecological environment, the development of traditional furniture materials represented by wood fell into a bottleneck period. The reality of the bottleneck period of traditional materials makes people think about the concept of sustainable development and innovative furniture materials in home design.
However, the research and development of new Furniture materials are still in the early stage.
3. How to mix the health concept with new furniture Material
Any morphological characteristics of furniture need to be realized through different materials. Conversely, the expression form of materials also needs to show the features of furniture with the help of materials. For the innovative application of furniture materials under the concept of health, the understanding of comprehensive design is made through the communication of the human five sensory systems.
3-1 Visual system
The application of furniture modeling and decoration is an intuitive design expression in the new material system. Wood-plastic composite material is a unique furniture material formed by natural wood fiber as a filling material. It has the advantages of wood and polymer materials, and the material itself is colorless, tasteless, and harmless to the body.
Wood-plastic composite material inherits the concept of green environmental protection and retains the color and pattern of the wood itself. People can relax and release pressure when they take a bath and brush their teeth.
3-2 Tactile system
Most of the furniture is in direct contact with the human body. The safety of new furniture material is paramount. The tactile sensation generated after table and human body contact can indirectly stimulate the emotions and feelings of the human body.
3-3 Auditory and olfactory systems
When people inhaled the smell of wood, sympathetic nerve activity increased significantly, resulting in a significant increase in productivity. Psychologically produce a natural sense of comfort, destructive emotions are released.
4. Differences between different materials
Whether office furniture or home furnishing, the function may be much the same. But the exact use is it's qualitatively different. On appearance, the environment may have different results. What is the material classification of New Furniture Material?
Plank furniture is based on some manufactured plank furniture. Its main components are main bearing, maintenance, decoration. And the prices are primarily low. More by customers like. Mature process, stable quality. And this kind of furniture won't craze easily, be out of shape. It can be customized according to the personality plate furniture as long as the edge is handled; the same is green environmental protection, no pollution to the environment and human body.
Prominent people can choose between plank furniture and solid wood furniture. This is because people pursue the sense of nature, revealing the original feeling. Use such furniture, appear atmosphere, elegant. Wood color furniture is already natural without chemical pollution, and it is a healthy fashion choice. Its structure maintenance components are all used log. Natural wood furniture appears massiness solid, and primitive simplicity is durable.
The metallic furniture color is lively, and the line is hale and hearty, firm, and durable. It is common for some file cabinets, shelves, and thick shelves to use metal materials, but their loud movement is also a disadvantage. It has advantages that other materials do not have. First of all, it is robust in green and environmental protection and can be recycled and used repeatedly. Secondly, fire, moistureproof, antimagnetic. Therefore, it is an excellent choice to keep some items in some manufacturers to minimize the damage in case of accidents.
Plastic furniture is deft, accessible to model, color positive, bear light, and handle the characteristic of oil. Popular plastic homes have tables, chairs, beds, shelves, and kitchen utensils. But because of material reasons, its shortcomings are also many. Easy to aging, brittle, can only be used indoors, and is not suitable for outdoor use. Avoid direct sunlight when using.
Inflatable furniture is easy to carry. Some outdoor sports or water facilities are standard. It also saves storage and transportation space without inflating. When inflated, it reaches a particular shape. It has substantial flexibility and elasticity and is not easy to deform.
Rattan furniture teng is generally Indonesia's natural thing. Indonesia has a typical tropical rainforest season at the equator. Rattan furniture combines some materials and elements of new furniture to create more beautiful and practical furniture.
Cane makes the cushion of collocation cloth art again on the sofa and pillow for leaning on. The club that lets tradition makes furniture presents Europe type style, making glass and cane union produce a lively feeling. The cane makes up furniture to plays an important role in ecological aspects. It can adapt to the degradation of forest and barren soil, can grow very well in the natural forest and not disrupt the balance of environmental structure, form a unique, he created the unique traditional craft of appeal, and so all over the world because of its elegant appearance and simple and popular. And the process is pollution-free and recyclable.
5. Main types of furniture wood
5-1. The most significant advantage of Fraxinus mandshurica lies in its beautiful and clear grain, which is suitable for a simple modern style. The disadvantage of Ash is that it is easy to deform, so ash solid wood furniture is the mainframe using ash solid wood, the rest of the pieces of ash splicing.
5-2 Ju wood quality of a material is stiff, and grain is beautiful, northern furniture is multi-purpose elm, southern furniture is multi-purpose Ju wood, can serve as the primary material of the bed, desk, ark.
5-3. Chinese fir is characterized by uniform structure, mild-moderate, insect resistance, and corrosion resistance. It has two main shortcomings: internal fiber loss, high moisture content, soft surface hardness, ease to cause scratches. Many scars, the price is low.
5-4. In solid wood furniture, pine furniture occupies a considerable number. Primarily children's furniture, the use of pine is characterized by hard texture, clear texture, pine grain will be beautiful relative to fir, minor scar.
5-5. Elmwood is not easy to deform, its hardness and strength are moderate, and its foam surface is smooth suitable for carving. The furniture made of elm has a rough texture.
5-6. Oak is characterized by hardwood, straight grain, and light color. The disadvantage is that it is not easy to dry dismember. Therefore, its raw material, the so-called oak furniture, is made of oak finger joint board.
5-7. Cypress wood is fragrant has a calming effect. When people enter the lush Berlin, it is easy to be infected.
5-8. Teak is a tropical tree that requires high outdoor temperatures. Teak is a light-loving species. The shallow root system, large canopy, vulnerability to wind damage, sheltered areas promote species. Teak is the smallest of the dilatants. Teak homes have many advantages
5-8-1. Teak material is so precious that it takes 100 years to grow to maturity. Only 1-5 teak trees can grow in the natural environment per mu of land.
5-8-2. Teak wood is strong and durable and has excellent texture: teak is resistant to weathering. This characteristic of teak can be seen ten years before teak furniture was used. And the teak has remained beautiful throughout the decade. Teak furniture does not require polish.
5-8-3. Expansion and contraction are the smallest of all woods. Teak does not shrink when exposed to wind, heat, rain, or the ocean. He's a favorite wood for boat-building.
5-8-4.Teak is resistant to deformation, corrosion, and cracking in various environments. You can see this on many of the teak floors. Teak flooring is stable and resilient due to its sturdy structure. Teak flooring does not deform in summer or winter.
5-8-5. Fine texture. The whole show has a variety of natural surfaces.
5-8-6. The higher the oil content, the smoother the use. A layer of oil on the furniture's surface protects the table and keeps it shiny. At the same time, this grease protects the shine of the furniture. Keep it bright. And the smell of teak grease keeps mosquitoes away. In Southeast Asia, where humidity and mosquitoes abound, teak furniture can avoid trouble. The teak's oily sheen does not fade with time.
5-8-7. The longer the time, the more golden color: Teak furniture is more magical. Its polished surface color is oxidized by photosynthesis into golden color. The color will be beautiful with the extension of time.
6. The development direction of New Furniture Material
6-1. Selection of 'New Furniture Material'
The furniture of broad sense points to a kind of appliance that humans maintain in everyday life be engaged in production practice, and develop social activity indispensable. In the narrow sense, furniture refers to one type of utensils and equipment for people to sit, lie down or support and store things in life, work, or social practice. Furniture is not only a simple, functional material product but also a popular public art, which should meet some specific uses as well as for people's appreciation. Make people in the process of contact and use to produce some aesthetic pleasure and arouse the spiritual needs of the rich association. Furniture is a material product since it is artistic creation; this is the furniture that people often say has two characteristics.
There are two types of new furniture materials: one is natural materials (such as wood, bamboo, rattan, etc.), and the other is artificial materials (such as plastic, glass, rubber, fabric, leather, metal, etc.). Good at using all kinds of new furniture materials to improve the quality of products and increase the beauty of products. However, not all materials can be used in furniture production. The application of new furniture materials also has specific selectivity, among which the following factors should be considered.
6-1-1. Process and surface decoration performance
The processing technology of materials directly affects the production of furniture. In furniture making, I want to consider the craft factor of material from beginning to end. Be like woodiness material, in the process of processing, should consider the influence of its moisture and the shrinkage of rising sex, crack sex, and porous sex; Plastic materials should consider its ductility, thermoplastic deformation, etc. Glass material should consider its hot brittleness, hardness and so on. At the same time, it's a coating, glue paste, sculpture, coloring, scalding, burning, and other decorative feasibility.
6-1-2. Strength, texture, and appearance quality
The texture and texture of the material determine the unique feeling of the appearance quality of the product. Wood belongs to the natural material, natural surface, beautiful, vivid image, feel good, and easy to process, coloring is the production of furniture of the first-class material. Plastic and its synthetic materials simulate all kinds of natural material textures and have good coloring performance, but it is easy to age easy to be deformed by heat; with this production furniture, its service life and use range are limited.
6-1-3. The economy
The economy of new furniture material includes:
- The price of the material.
- Labor consumption of material processing.
- The utilization rate of material.
- The abundance of material sources.
Although lumber has an advantage, such as natural grain, with the increase of demand, lumber stock quantity decreases ceaselessly, and the resource is scarce with each new day. Conclusion this material pledges with lumber material close and beautiful economy will be widely used in furniture production.
6-1-4. The environmental protection
In addition to the above factors, there is still another factor that cannot be ignored: whether new Furniture Material has dangerous releases on the human body, which is also the first consideration that more and more consumers are willing to take into account when choosing furniture. Green furniture refers to products designed with environmental resource protection as the core concept, which can be disassembled and decomposed, and their parts can be reused through renovation. Green furniture design is considered the whole life cycle of the product, focusing on the environmental attributes of the product (disassembly, recycling, protection, reusable and other performance), and taking it as a design goal to meet the requirements of environmental resources at the same time, to protect the due product function, service life, quality and so on.
6-1-5. Development trend of furniture design
6-1-6. Multi-functional furniture will be popular
Humanized furniture design is the function of the first consideration, at the same time, from the modeling to meet the needs of people's psychology emotional aspects, in harmony between the user, furniture, and the environment, so that the user has a sense of intimacy to the home, become emotional relying on the "humanized." The development has a new breed of furniture of unknown function, change as science and technology develop, lifestyle, the emergence of new things, need the furnishings of a few unique kinds that form a complete set with it. The development of mutilate furniture, will one thing one use, a single type of functional furniture into the mutilate table, to enlarge the use-value of furniture, such as sit-lie the sofa bed that combines, sit the function also can become recreational lounge chair; Sofa can be integrated and deformed to adapt to the change of interior space; Accessories can be added on the sofa, increase the effect such as ark of the content of tea table, books and newspapers. The theory of human body engineering advocates that the chair that makes furniture is tall, the armrest is elevated, the size such as dip Angle, back slope, cushion waist, head pillow, the position can undertake adjustment to accord with individual character requirements because of personal difference, to achieve optimal use condition.
6-2. Furniture modeling will be more diversified and personalized
People divide the requirement to furniture satisfy practical function outside, take satisfaction psychology seriously more and more, the need of respect of aesthetic spirit, culture. In today's information age, traditional and modern, foreign and local, national, regional culture and international multicultural collision, people's values, consumption concepts, aesthetic tastes and other different, resulting in the diversification of consumer demand, personalized. Any furniture form is formed by the organic combination of point, line, surface, body-color, texture, and other modeling elements. Designers use aesthetic principles to choose different shapes, proportions, volumes, authenticity, and extra texture materials to coordinate modeling elements and obtain different furniture styles. The diversified application of New furniture material plays an essential role in giving personalized furniture.
6-3. The future furniture will be closely combined with green new furniture material to achieve sustainable development
Calling for green furniture, the design, and production of green furniture is imperative, which is one of the ways to solve the harmonious development of "population, resources, and environment." The critical point of green furniture is that the products designed must be safe and harmless, healthy, and the quality is in line with or better than the national standards of complementary products. Harmony of resources and environment, use of raw materials and materials that conform to federal regulations and allow the use of materials or regeneration; The quantity and composition of waste gas, waste liquid, waste residue, and dust discharged in the production process shall meet or be less than the emission standards permitted by the State regulations; Save materials as much as possible and choose new furniture material that can be recycled and easy to be recycled.
Do not pollute the environment in the process of production, consumption, and waste; Save energy; Avoid the use of environmentally harmful materials and materials that are difficult to be recycled; In failure or excrement, the impact on the human body, atmosphere, water quality and soil in line with or lower than the national environmental protection standards allowed indicators. Future furniture design will be inseparable from green environmental protection.
Future furniture design direction will always be around a theme: humanized design. It is the essential starting point and design criterion of humanized furniture design to highlight people-oriented thought and emphasize the concept of serving people. Humanistic care is introduced in the design process, and the understanding and maintenance of human nature are added. Various design techniques are used to create furniture products full of human nature.